Shipping Terms
Air Cargo

Air Cargo


Air cargo means the goods that are moved by airways. Since the definition of air freight also means the cost of transportation by air, the cargoes to be transported by air are defined as air cargo by the sector employees. Air cargo covers all products transported by air transport. Both export shipments and courier service shipments. Transport of express shipments worldwide is within the scope of "air mail, air freight, and air express" air cargo.


How does air cargo shipping work?

Air cargo shipping involves several steps, including:

  1. Booking. The shipper or freight forwarder books the cargo with an airline, providing information about the origin, destination, and type of cargo.
  2. Documentation. The shipper or freight forwarder prepares the necessary documents, including a bill of lading, commercial invoice, and any other required permits or certificates.
  3. Packaging. The cargo is packaged and labeled in accordance with the airline's requirements and any applicable regulations.
  4. Handling. The cargo is transported to the airport and loaded onto the aircraft, either in dedicated cargo planes or in the cargo hold of passenger planes.
  5. Transport. The aircraft flies to the destination airport, where the cargo is unloaded and transported to the recipient.
  6. Clearance. The cargo goes through customs clearance, where it is inspected and cleared for entry into the destination country.
  7. Delivery. The cargo is delivered to the recipient, either by the airline or a local delivery service.

Throughout the process, the airline and the shipper or freight forwarder communicate and coordinate to ensure that the cargo is transported safely and efficiently.

What are the advantages of air cargo?

The advantages of air cargo include speed, reliability, security, and the ability to transport goods over long distances quickly. Air cargo is also ideal for high-value and time-sensitive shipments.

What are the disadvantages of air cargo?

The disadvantages of air cargo include higher costs, limited capacity, and the need for specialized handling and packaging.

How long does air cargo take?

The time it takes for air cargo to be delivered depends on several factors, such as the distance traveled, the specific route taken, and any customs or security procedures that must be completed. Generally, air cargo can be delivered within 1-5 days.

What are the 4 main types of cargo carried by air?

The 4 main types of cargo carried by air are perishables (such as fruits and vegetables), valuables (such as jewelry and electronics), dangerous goods (such as chemicals and batteries), and general cargo (such as clothing and household items).

What is the difference between air freight and air cargo?

Air freight refers to goods that are transported by air and are typically time-sensitive or high-value, while air cargo refers to any goods that are transported by air, regardless of their nature or value.

Who is responsible for air cargo security?

The airline and the government agencies responsible for aviation security are jointly responsible for air cargo security.

Does air cargo go through customs?

Yes, air cargo goes through customs, where it is inspected and cleared for entry into the destination country.

What is not allowed in air cargo?

There are various items that are not allowed in air cargo due to safety concerns, such as explosives, flammable materials, and hazardous chemicals. Other items that may be restricted or prohibited include live animals, perishable goods that require specific temperature control, and certain types of weapons or ammunition.