Companies that offer passenger and freight transport services by air are called air carriers. In order for a company to provide air cargo service, it must be authorized by IATA (International Air Transport Association). The Warsaw Convention determines the authorities and responsibilities of the air carriers involved in international transportation.
What are the three types of air cargo carriers?
The three types of air cargo carriers are all-cargo carriers, combination carriers, and charter carriers.
All-cargo carriers: These carriers exclusively transport cargo and do not carry passengers. They operate specialized cargo aircraft designed for carrying various types of cargo.
Combination carriers: These carriers transport both passengers and cargo on the same aircraft. They typically use the lower deck of the aircraft for cargo transportation, while the upper deck is reserved for passengers.
Charter carriers: These carriers operate on a charter or ad-hoc basis, transporting cargo as per the requirements of their clients. They do not follow any fixed schedule or route and often use passenger aircraft for cargo transportation.