Transportation means the delivery of a product from one point to another. International transportation includes export and import shipments between two countries by seaway, truck shipment, airway, and railroad. Transportation covers all supply chain steps within the international trade, including inland shipments, transshipments, and overseas shipments. Its also known as carriage or shipping.
Transportation is a crucial component of logistics because it involves the physical movement of goods from one location to another. Without transportation, goods cannot be delivered to customers, and businesses cannot operate.
The five modes of transportation in logistics are road, rail, air, water, and pipeline. Each mode has its advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of mode depends on factors such as distance, speed, cost, and nature of the cargo.
Transportation is important in logistics because it enables businesses to move goods from one location to another efficiently and effectively. It facilitates trade and commerce by providing a link between producers and consumers, and it plays a critical role in the supply chain by ensuring that products are delivered to the right place, at the right time, and in the right condition. Efficient transportation can also help reduce costs and improve customer satisfaction.